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Taxes, Government Finances and Debt

Total Outlays by Agency — Office of the Management of Budget

The President’s budget provides historical information and projections of how much each federal department and the independent agencies have spent—or will spend in the future. The information is also totaled for each year, and provides a good overview of where the government is spending its money.

The data also provides information on how much money was spent on budget and off budget. Two Social Security programs -- the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and the Disability Insurance -- are off budget, as is the U.S. Postal Service, and the finances of independent agencies that are derived from providing services to the public. Items like emergency disaster response funding, which Congress authorizes outside the normal budget process, are still included in the budget.

In addition to the federal departments, like Agriculture, Commerce and Defense, spending by the Environmental Protection Agency,  the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Executive Office of the President, federal courts and Congress are also included.

Good to know:

  • Because the functions of departments and agencies can overlap—for example, Defense, State, Commerce and some independent agencies all spend money on foreign relations—OMB also provides a breakdown not by the names of departments but by the broad purpose of the spending, which is available here. (Microsoft Excel file)
  • USASpending.gov has information on how those agencies spend some of that money—tracking contracts, direct payments, grants, loans and guarantees, and other types of federal spending. That data can be accessed here.

Updates: Annually

Data covers: 1962-2011, plus estimates for 2012-2017

Geographic areas reported: National

Data download (Excel file)