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Resource ID: #
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation
Date: 2024-02-22



The Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database contains data on automobile accidents on public U.S. roads that resulted in the death of one or more people within 30 days of the accident. Truck and trailer accidents are also included.The DOT releases the data for each year, making it difficult to analyze trends over time without appending several years together.

To make this easier, NICAR merged the 1994 through 2009 data into one set of tables. SAS translates the official DOT codes to plain English in the data tables, relieving the tedious use of lookup tables. The data tables correspond to three "levels" of the accident: the crash level, the person level, and the vehicle level. The older data (prior to 2010) has one table for each level. In 2010 the DOT dramatically changed the format of FARS; the database now consists of 18 tables that include a host of new fields. For this reason, 2010 - 2014 data is separate from 1994-2009.

The data is available in CSV format for all years; for 2010 - 2014 we also provide Access databases.

PLEASE read the documentation carefully when working with this database (or any database, really) — particularly the Readme.txt and the layout spreadsheets.

Record layouts and samples of this database

Schema (up to 2009) (fars.pdf) 415.1 KB
Record layout (up to 2009) (FARS_layouts_94_09_1.xls) 77.0 KB
Record layout (2010-2014)(main tables) (MainLayouts.xls) 82.0 KB
Readme File (Readme_1.txt) 21.7 KB
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