A Newport News Daily Press investigation revealed that the way the Pentagon buys, builds and refurbishes aircraft carriers invites mismanagement and waste. The newspaper found that "the Navy bypasses federal law, Pentagon policies and the service's own procedures when it buys its carriers or pays for programs to improve the ships. Navy program managers also bypass the Defense Department regulations for developing and testing technology, taking shortcuts to push through vital ship components like computer networks and combat systems. The immediate result -- hundreds of millions of dollars wasted. Long term, the costs will add up to billions of dollars."