Jody Tillman of the Valley News used state-by-state analysis to compare Vermont's fatality numbers compared to other states. The Valley News found that Vermont had the "highest death rate of any state among soldiers and Marines deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan between March 1, 2003, and October 31, 2004: 5.6 per 1,000 troops." They also found that "Vermont had the highest number of deaths when measured against state population. As of Jan. 8, Vermont had 1.64 military deaths per 100,000 residents, more than three times the national average." Also included is a state-by-state comparison of per capita deaths among soldiers and marines, as well as a state-by-state comparison of injuries. They also provided graphical analysis of deaths per 1,000 deployed and National Guard participation.