Resource Center


The IRE Resource Center is a major research library containing more than 26,000 investigative stories.

Most of our stories are not available for download but can be easily ordered by contacting the Resource Center directly at 573-882-3364573-882-3364  or where a researcher can help you pinpoint what you need.

Search results for "eyewitness testimony" ...

  • Taken: The Coldest Case Ever Solved

    CNN looked into the 1957 kidnapping and murder of Maria Ridulph, which went unsolved for half a century. The five-part series found that the suspect was interviewed and discounted during the early days of the investigation, as the FBI took over the case. His parents helped him establish an alibi, and his mother supposedly exposed his secret on her death bed. A sister launched the investigation that resulted in the arrest and conviction of Jack McCullough, who maintains his innocence to this day. McCullough was convicted after a four-day trial on what appeared to be thin evidence resulting from questionable legal rulings by an inexperienced judge. The most compelling evidence is the testimony of the eyewitness, who was 8 years old at the time and is now in her 60s. She says she is certain, and she appears to be a credible witness.

    Tags: Kidnapping; murder; Maria Ridulph

    By Ann O’Neill, Jan Winburn, Brandon Ancil, Jessica Koscielniak, Manav Tanneeru, Curt Merrill, Sean O’Key



  • Over the Line

    Fatal shootings by U.S. Border Patrol agents were once a rarity. Only a handful were recorded before 2009. Unheard of were incidents of Border Patrol agents shooting Mexicans on their own side of the border. But a joint investigation by the Washington Monthly, The Investigative Fund at The Nation Institute, and the television network Fusion has found that over the past five years U.S. border agents have shot across the border at least ten times, killing a total of six Mexicans on Mexican soil. A former Clinton administration official who worked on border security issues couldn’t recall a single cross-border shooting during his tenure. “Agents would go out of their way not to harm anyone and certainly not shoot across the border,” he said. But following a near doubling of the number of Border Patrol agents between 2006 and 2009, a disturbing pattern of excessive use of force emerged. For “Over the Line,” we traveled to several Mexican border towns, tracking down family members of victims, eye-witnesses to the shootings, amateur video, Mexican police reports, audiotapes, and autopsies to recreate the circumstances surrounding these cross-border killings. We recount the stories of several of them, including 16-year-old José Antonio Elena Rodriguez, a studious Mexican teen who dreamed of becoming a soldier to fight the violence that plagued his hometown of Nogales, Sonora, and who was shot and killed by U.S. border agents as he walked to pick his brother up after work. The first two shots were to the boy’s head; he was shot eight more times as he lay, prone and bleeding, on the sidewalk. Although Border Patrol protocols and international treaties between Mexico and the United States appear to have been violated by these cross border shootings, none of the agents involved have yet been prosecuted. If any agents have been relieved of their duties for their role in the incidents, that information has not been made available to the public, and our queries to Customs and Border Protection on this issue have been denied. The Washington Monthly story was accompanied by two broadcasts that aired at the launch of the news network Fusion, a joint project of ABC News and Univision. These reports delve into two of the more troubling incidents in greater depth. “Investigation Shows Mexican Teen Was Shot 8 Times on the Ground” tells the story of Rodriguez, the teenager killed in Nogales; “U.S. Border Patrol Shoots and Kills Mexican Man in Park with Family” uses amateur video and eyewitness testimony to tell the even more shocking story of Arevalo Pedroza, shot and killed by US border agents who fired into a crowd of picnickers on the Mexico side of the Rio Grande in September 2012.

    Tags: immigration; border patrol

    By John Carlos Frey; Esther Kaplan; Phil Longman

    Investigative Fund at the Nation Institute


  • Wrongful Arrest?

    On a tip that a viewer's 74-year-old father was in jail for a string of Wal-Mart robberies he did not commit, KCTV investigated the challenge of righting a conviction wrong when found on the wrong side of the law.

    Tags: wrongful arrest; wrongful conviction; criminal justice; crime statistics; criminal record; eyewitness testimony

    By Dana Wright; Ken Ullery; Chris Henao

    KCTV-TV (Kansas City, Mo.)


  • Stolen Youth

    Erick Daniels was sent to jail for 10 years "Based on the shape of his eyebrows." After investigating the case, Secret found that there were discrepancies starting with the eyewitness testimony.

    Tags: line up; gambling; burglary; evidence; trial; eyewitness; Erick Daniels; Ruth Brown

    By Mosi Secret

    Independent Weekly (Durham, N.C.)


  • A Shot in the Arm

    Police arrested Darryl Burton on June 28, 1984, for the shooting death of Donald Ball, a notorious neighborhood gangster. Burton's trial in 1985 lasted two days, and a St. Louis jury found him guilty of capital murder and armed criminal action. Circuit Judge Jack L. Koehr sentenced the 23 year old Burton to life in prison. This story explores the murder conviction and the obstacles Burton has encountered in trying to get the conviction reversed. He was convicted on the strength of two eyewitness accounts. Gay finds that one of the eyewitnesses admitted perjury, and the other has had his character and testimony impugned by the arrival of new testimony.

    Tags: Darryl Burton; reversed conviction; Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals; habeas corpus; FOI

    By Malcolm Gay

    Riverfront Times (St. Louis)


  • Innocent

    This story from the San Francisco Bay Guardian investigates the conviction of two people who had spent more than a decade behind bars. The reporter found out that the police department had withheld evidence in the trial including eye witness testimony that absolved them of the crime. Backed by this investigation and re-opening of the case, the two were released from prison after thirteen years in prison.

    Tags: innocent conviction; John. J Tennison; Roderick Shannon; Antoine Goff; withholding evidence; eyewitness testimony; re-opening cases

    By Adam Clay Thompson

    San Francisco Bay Guardian


  • Mistaken Identity, et. al

    The Associated Press reports on the use of DNA testing to get wrongfully convicted prisoners freed. In this eight-part series, the AP probes the willingness of judges and prosecutors to turn to DNA evidence, the storage of crucial evidence, research that throws doubt over the reliability of eyewitness testimony and tells the story of innocent men struggling for justice and freedom.

    Tags: DNA testing; wrongful conviction

    By Helen O'Neill;Matt Crenson;Sharon Cohen;Paul Shepard;Alan Clendenning

    Associated Press


  • Eyewitnesses Confuse, Convict in Humboldt Park Murder Cases

    This monthly publication "examined 10 homicides that took place in West Site Humboldt Park area" of Chicago. The investigation showed that "the cases revealed a pattern of scant evidence and questionable police practices." The reporter also found that "nine of ten cases relied heavily on eyewitness testimony" and that "in seven cases, witnesses were either using drugs or alcohol, rival gang members, jailhouse informants or codefendants." Among the major findings was the fact that "the Chicago Police Department uses practices that experts in witness identification argue are counter to picking the perpetrator from a photo array or police lineup."

    Tags: wrongful convictions; Hispanic; murder; identification; courts

    By Rebecca Anderson

    Chicago Reporter


  • Burned; On the Hot Seat

    The Riverfront Times reports "about prosecutorial misconduct and about the controversial use of 'snitches.' In 1983, Ellen Reasonover was convicted of murdering a gas station attendant in a botched robbery attempt. She claimed she was innocent, and there was no physical evidence or any eyewitnesses. The conviction was based solely on two jailhouse snitches who, in exchange for testimonies against Reasonover, were given deals by the prosecutor... (who) did not tell the defense or the jury about the deals..."

    Tags: murder false imprisonment

    By Melinda Roth

    Riverfront Times (St. Louis)


  • Impossible Mission

    CBS News 48 Hours reports that "Crosley Green was convicted of murder in 1989 and is awaiting execution on Florida's death row. IMPOSSIBLE MISSION follows an investigative 'dream team,' working for free, as it travels to Florida to unravel the case against Green. In just one week this team unearths critical testimony, exposes phony eyewitness accounts and finds new evidence in a case many considered hopeless. IMPOSSIBLE MISSION resulted in the Florida Department of Law Enforcement re-opening Green's case."

    Tags: TAPE TRANSCRIPT Paul Ciolino DNA evidence testing criminal justice system sloppy police work prosecutor defense lawyers

    By Susan Zirinsky;Al Briganti;Doug Longhini;Marc Goldbaum;Joe Halderman;Joan Adelman;Grace Cosgrove;Bob Orozovich;Basil Pappas;Michael Vele;Barry Leibowitz;Rob Klug;Erin Moriarty;Dan Rather

    CBS News 48 Hours